Jean Fautrier was born in Paris in 1898. After the death of his father he moved to London and studied at the Royal Academy of Art and at the Slade School of Art. In 1917 he returned to London to do his military service. Fautrier suffered a poisen gas injury with life-long consequences in 1918. During his curative stay he began to paint again. In this early time he created expressive figures, portraits and still life emerge, which are reminiscent of the brushwork and the almost caricature of Chaim Soutine. Parallel to this, he created unusual experimental compositions, in which the motif is scarly recognizable in the midst of fast-changing color gestures and monochrome coloring. Already 1925 he worked with the famous Paris Gallery Guillaume. Fautrier moved to the alpine region in 1934 and returned to Paris at the beginning of World War Second. After a short-term arrest Fautrier finds shelter in the sanatorium of the Dr. Lesavoureux, where until 1945 the series of "Otages" was created. He had financial problems and worked with a publisher. In the 50ies Fautrier and his wife Jeanine Aeply developed the "Originaux Multiples", a mixture of prints and paintings. From 1954 he painted again with oil renounces the previously developed haptic sourfaces. His paintings are now exhibited worldwide: documenta 2 in Kassel at 1954, 1960 he was awarded the big price of Biennale Venice, in 1964 there was a big retrospective at the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville in Paris. Jean Fautrier died seriously ill in Châtenay-Malabry in 1964.