Anton Faistauer was born in Lofer/Salzburg in 1887. From 1904 to 1906 he visited the painting school Scheffer in Vienna. He completed a study at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. Furthermore, he founded the Neukunstgruppe with Anton Kolig, Robin Christian Andersen, Franz Wiegele and Egon Schiele in 1909. Between 1909 and 1912 he went on several field trips to Germany and Italy. Together with Egon Schiele, Faistauer organized so-called Kriegsbilder (Warpictures) exhibitions in the k.u.k – Army Museum during World War I as he was unsuitable for military service, and was ordered to serve the military unarmed. From 1919 onwards he lived in Salzburg and initiated the artist club Wassermann. Faistauer moved to Vienna in 1926. He died in 1930. Anton Faistauer is considered as one of the most important Austrian artists of modern art. He became famous for his exhibistions in Germany and Hungary. In contrast to his colleagues, he tried to develop the traditional western painting. To a certain extent, Faistauer criticized the modern art. The confrontation with the art of Paul Cezanne had a strong impact on him. Throughout his life he tried to revolutionize the fresco technique.